A type of sixteenth and seventeenth century Lutheran musical setting of a Biblical story, developed from the Catholic singing of the Passion. Its text would be taken from one Gospel or compiled from all four; the Passion narrative was the most common subject, the next most common being the Resurrection, Of the three types of historia, the responsorial, derived from the Catholic Passion, survived the longest; individual characters were represented by solo voices. The through-composed type set the entire text polyphonically, perhaps with varied voice-groupings to mark off passages of narration and of speech. Schütz's Easter Historia, in which only the Evangelist has solo recitation, exemplifies a mixed type,

Johannes Christoph Demantius   |  Heinrich Schütz