Italian composer. Nephew of Domenico Scarlatti. His first composition, an oratorio La SS. Vergine Annunziata, was performed in Rome in 1739. From that year until 1741 Scarlatti probably lived in Rome; from there he went to Florence and Lucca, where he was in residence by 1744. He visited his uncle in Spain before 1755 and settled in Vienna by 1757. After success with two opere buffe, Gluck helped him to obtain employment as a ballet composer at the Vienna Kärntnerthor-Theater. In the 1760s he may have been in the service of Prince Schwarzenberg. During his career Scarlatti received commissions for at least thirty-two operas.