Johann Christian Kittel

(1732 - 1809)


German organist and composer. An organ pupil first of Jakob Adlung and in 1748-50 of J. S. Bach, he served as organist at Langensalza (beginning 1751) and at Erfurt (Barfüsserkirche, 1756-62; Predigerkirche, from 1762). He was also a prominent teacher; his principles of keyboard instruction (which he characterized as Bach-influenced) are compiled in a treatise, Der angehende praktische Organist (1801-8). He also compiled chorale books (Vierstimmige Choräle mit Vorspielen, 1803) and composed chorale preludes in a style that incorporates Baroque and classical elements.

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