Anthony Bassano

(1510/20(?) - 1574)

Italian musician. Bassano, born in Bassano del Grappo, Italy,was one of six sons of Jeronimo Bassano--Anthony, Jacomo, Alvise, Jasper, John and Baptista--who moved from Venice to England to the household of Henry VIII to serve the court, probably in 1540. Of his ten children, the five sons--Mark Anthony, Arthur, Edward, Andrea and Jeronimo--all served as musicians to the court of Henry VIII, and a daughter--Lucreece--married Nicholas Lanier, the Elder, grandfather of the artist-musician Nicholas Lanier.

The talent of the six sons of Jeronimo as instrumentalists and makers of wind instruments, was recognized not only in Venice but also in London. In the years 1535­1540, Henry VIII decided to improve the musical staff at his court, and he charged his Venetian agent, Edmond Harvel, to recruit the Bassano brothers. (See also Ambrose Lupo). The Bassanos demanded substantial guarantees, for in order to leave Venice, they were required to obtain the authorization of the Doge and would lose their employment there. Even more important, the Bassanos were of Jewish origin, which meant that they ran certain risks in the contemporary political climate of London, even if Henry VIII, who had broken definitively with Rome, sought their goodwill.

The negotiations were successful, and at the end of 1539, Alvise, John, Baptista, and Jasper, along with their respective families, made a definitive departure from Venice for England, rejoining Anthony there. (Jacomo had returned to Italy on the death of his father, Jeronimo, probably to take over his business as instrument maker). The Bassanos‹musicians, jurists, and merchants‹became, through a few solid alliances, one of themore respectable families of the English "gentry," endowed with a family crest and several properties.

IVM: England Through 1635